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Schizophrenia is a severe brain disorder that occurs in about 1% of the population. It is a chronic disorder that has affected people throughout history.

The symptoms can frighten people with the illness. This can make them withdrawn or agitated. Individuals with schizophrenia may hear voices or see things other people do not hear or see. In some cases there are “delusions” a belief that continues, even in the face of conflicting information. Examples are the belief that some one is watching them or “out to get them”. Society is affected by this disorder, there are myths associated with schizophrenia and individuals are often avoided and ignored. Violent behavior is generally uncommon. Many people have problems holding a job or may be unable to take care of the activities of daily living.

Some of the more common symptom’s of schizophrenia fall into three broad categories: positive symptoms, negative symptoms, and cognitive symptoms. Individuals will have two or more symptoms which occur over time.


  • Hallucinations are things a person sees, hears, smells, or feels that no one else can see, hear, smell, or feel
  • Delusions are false beliefs that are not part of the person's culture and do not change
  • Thought disorders are unusual ways of thinking
  • Movement disorders may appear as agitated body movements

Additional symptoms are more subtle

  • Flat affect (a person's face does not move or he or she talks in a dull or monotonous voice)
  • Lack of pleasure in everyday life
  • Lack of ability to begin and sustain planned activities
  • Speaking little, even when forced to interact

Cognitive symptoms are more subtle

  • The ability to understand information and use it
  • There is trouble focusing or paying attention
  • There are problems with memory, the ability to use information immediately after learning it

The causes of the illness are not known. Generally the first incident is experienced in late teens to mid 20’s. Treatments include anti-psychotic medications and various community based psychosocial treatments and support services. These treatments help relieve many symptoms of schizophrenia, but most people cope with symptoms throughout their lives. Many people live rewarding and meaningful lives in their communities with proper treatment.

A mental illness is a medical condition that influences the way a person thinks, feels, or ability to relate to others and daily functioning. It is a condition that can result in a reduced capacity to cope with the ordinary demands of life.. There are different mental illnesses; each has a different set of symptoms. These symptoms can range from mild to severe

Mental Illness can affect people of any age, income, race or community standing. Mental illnesses, like many medical conditions, are treatable. Recovery is possible.

A few examples Mental Illness treated at Daymark Recovery Services Inc.

  • Depression
  • Schizophrenia
  • Bipolar Disorder
  • Anxiety
  • Borderline personality disorder
  • ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder)














Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a serious mental illness marked by unstable moods, behavior, and relationships. In 1980, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders, Third Edition (DSM-III) listed BPD as a diagnosable illness for the first time. Most psychiatrists and other mental health professionals use the DSM to diagnose mental illnesses.

Because some people with severe BPD have brief psychotic episodes, experts originally thought of this illness as atypical, or borderline, versions of other mental disorders. While mental health experts now generally agree that the name "borderline personality disorder" is misleading, a more accurate term does not exist yet.

Most people who have Borderline Personality Disorder suffer from:

  • They have unstable, intense relationships with other people, they have extreme in reactions that swing between glorifying the relationship and not valuing the relationship
  • There are frantic efforts to avoid real or imagined abandonment, desertion.
  • They experience an unstable since of self
  • They are impulsive in at least two areas that can be self damaging, as examples, spending, sexual relations, substance use
  • They have repeated suicide attempts, threats gestures or self mutilating behaviors.
  • They often Feel “empty”
  • They are angry in inappropriate ways, have a hard time controlling their anger, and may have recurrent physical fights.
  • Feelings of intense unhappiness, anxiety and irritability that can last from a few hours to a few days. Moods fluctuate . There is tendency to see things in Black or White

People with this Borderline Personality Disorder also have high rates of co-occurring disorders, such as depression, anxiety disorders, substance abuse, and eating disorders, along with self-harm, suicidal behaviors, and completed suicides. The individual’s also have a higher rate of being a victim of violence/ crime.

According to data from the National Institute of Mental Heath , Borderline Personality Disorder effect 1.6% of the population in any given year. About 75% of individuals diagnosed are BPP are women. There are no known cause for the disorder, However, scientists generally agree that genetic and environmental factors are likely to be involved.

Studies on twins with Borderline Personality Disorder suggest that the illness is strongly inherited. Another study shows that a person can inherit his or her temperament and specific personality traits, particularly impulsiveness and aggression.



There is a difference between feeling sad and depression. We all have days when we “have the blues”. There are events in life , such as a death in the family, when we feel grief and lose. A diagnosis of Depression is different. It interferes in your daily life and can cause problems with those around you. The individual symptoms vary in frequency and severity. Generally the individual experiences several symptoms for more than two weeks.

Some of the more common symptoms of Depression are :

  • Persistent sad, anxious, or "empty" feelings
  • Feelings of hopelessness or pessimism
  • Feelings of guilt, worthlessness, or helplessness
  • Irritability, restlessness
  • Loss of interest in activities or hobbies once pleasurable,
  • Fatigue and decreased energy
  • Having a hard time concentrating, remembering details and making decisions
  • Unable to sleep or sleeping a lot more than usual
  • Overeating or appetite loss
  • Thoughts of suicide and/or suicide attempts
  • Aches or pains, headaches, cramps, or digestive problems that do not ease even with treatment

Statistics from the National Institute of Mental Health Major state that depressive disorder is one of the most common mental disorders in the United States. Each year about 6.7% of U.S adults experience major depressive disorder. Women are 70% more likely than men to experience depression during their lifetime. The average age of the first event is 32 years old.

Depressive disorders are treatable, unfortunately; many individuals never seek treatment. Many individuals improve with medications, psychotherapies, and other treatment methods.

We all experience normal ups and downs/highs and lows in daily living. Bipolar disorder is a brain disorder that describes something different. The general population has heard of manic – depression, this describes Bipolar Disorder. The individual experiences mood swings between very high (mania) to very low (depression). These cycles can last for days or months. There are changes in mood, energy, activity levels, and the ability to carry out day-to-day tasks and/or lead full and productive lives.

More than 10 million Americans have bipolar disorder. Bipolar disorder is often hard to diagnose. It often develops in a person's late teens or early adult years. At least half of all cases start before age 25. Some people have their first symptoms during childhood, while others may develop symptoms late in life.

Symptoms of mania can include

Symptoms of depression can include

  • Feeling overly happy for an extended period of time
  • An abnormally increased level of irritability
  • Overconfidence or an extremely inflated self-esteem.
  • Increased talkativeness.
  • Decreased amount of sleep
  • Engaging in risky behavior, such as spending sprees and impulsive sex
  • Racing thoughts, jumping quickly from one idea to another
  • Easily distracted
  • Feeling agitated or “jumpy
  • Diminished capacity for pleasure or loss of interest in activities once enjoyed
  • Prolong period of feeling hopeless, helpless or low self-esteem.
  • Decreased amount of energy, feeling constantly tired
  • Inability to concentrate and make simple decisions
  • Changes in eating, sleeping or other daily habits
  • Being agitated or slowed down in movement, speech or thought
  • Thoughts of death or suicide attempts

People with bipolar disorder are more likely to seek help when they are depressed than when experiencing mania.

If this disease is not treated it will get worse and the mania / depression cycles will happen more often. With out a correct diagnosis and treatment the individual may have more personal, social, and work-related problems with work, relationships and other areas in their life. Treatment can help reduce the frequency and severity of episodes. Bi polar disorder can not be cured , and is a life long illness, but with proper diagnosis and treatment the symptoms can be managed. Treatment usually includes a combination of medication, psychotherapy, education, self-management strategies and other supports systems. The combination of medication and psychotherapy can be an effective treatment for bipolar disorder. It can provide support, education, and guidance to people with bipolar disorder and their families

Substance abuse is very common among people with bipolar disorder, but the reasons for this link are unclear. Some people with bipolar disorder may try to treat their symptoms with alcohol or drugs. However, substance abuse may trigger or prolong bipolar symptoms, and the behavioral control problems associated with mania can result in a person drinking too much.